Právny obzor


Ročník 107



T E O R E T I C K Ý  Č A S O P I S  P R E  O T Á Z K Y  Š T Á T U  A  P R Á V A

Uplatnenie force majeure v medzinárodnom investičnom práve v súvislosti s pandémiou COVID 19.

The Use of Force Majeure in International Investment Law in the Aftermath of the COVID 19 Pandemic.

Doc. JUDr. Katarína Chovancová, PhD., LL.M.,MCiArb, Ústav štátu a práva SAV, v. v. i., Bratislava

Právny obzor, 105, 2022, No. 6, pp. 522 – 535.

Published online: 22.12.2022

Abstract. Force majeure is today accepted as a fairly classical topic and the circumstance, excluding wrongfulness of the state doing in majority of the world legal systems and the level of its use increased considerably in the last decade. The coronavirus pandemic has enlivened the concept of force majeure in many areas of law, including international investment law. It also proved to be a good source of an ongoing debate on importance of force majeure for international investment and commercial community. This article is an attempt to inform this debate. Except for a general introduction to the use of force majeure exception in relation to the COVID 19 pandemic, this study presents an expansion of its applicability in international investments area within the frame of the CIL, as well as an increase of use of the contractual force majeure clause in the energy sector. Equally, it is going to indicate the reasons of its practicability together with three inferences with regard to the application of force majeure under Article 23 of the ILC Articles, as well as the application of the contractual force majeure clause both in common law and civil law. First, it is no hearing on the grapevine, but the use of contractual force majeure has been heavily recommended in order to secure foreseeability, prudence and a legal certainty. Second, while the force majeure exception is being applied under the CIL mainly in II As, wise foreign investors may apply also the contractual force majeure clause in their investment contracts, concluded directly with their host states, while being propped up conveniently also with the supporting governing law of the contract. Besides, there is no reason to induce the civil law contractual parties to apply the common law force majeure clause with always available common law exceptions of impossibility, frustration and impracticability, as they are unknown to the civil law system.

Key words: force majeure, COVID – 19, international public law, international investment law, circumstances excluding wrongfulness, state responsibility, international law of natural resources


ISSN 2729-9228

ISSN 0032-6984


Právny obzor je recenzovaný časopis a je indexovaný v databázach SCOPUS a HeinOnline (INDEX TO FOREIGN LEGAL PERIODICALS)


Redakcia | Editorial Office

Redakcia časopisu Právny obzor
Klemensova 19
813 64 Bratislava

Tel.: (+421) (2) 52 962 325

Vydavateľ | Publisher

Ústav štátu a práva SAV, v.v.i.
Klemensova 19
813 64 Bratislava

Tel.: (+421) (2) 52 961 833

Distribútor | Distributor

Wolters Kluwer s.r.o.
Mlynské Nivy 48
821 09 Bratislava

Tel.: (+421) 910 911 256


Copyright © 2000 - 2023 Ústav štátu a práva SAV | Ochrana osobných údajov | Design by Mgr. Peter Krákorník - AKRONET